Considering the unique developmental pattern across the world, major fossil fuels like coal, natural gas and oil are expected to run out in about 75 years. We are highly dependent on the fossil fuels for our day-to-day life and this is demanding the researchers to develop new and sustainable ways of producing energy.
In India too, there is huge demand for construction of solar-powered offices that are not dependent on fossil fuels. In fact, the study conducted by Dodge Data and Analytics World Green Building Trends 2016 SmartMarket Report revealed that buildings account for up to 40% of the total energy consumption in India.
This has led material scientists and architects to develop new technologies like use of sustainable building materials, geothermal heating, solar power and electrochromic smart glass to ensure that the building absorbs carbon dioxide and also creates cooling systems in the building utilizing wind and sunlight.
Government of India has set several guidelines that emphasizes the reduction in building’s overall carbon emission and energy consumption.